唔…啊 手指 出去Chronic respiratory failure (CRF) is the permanent inability of the respiratory system to oxygenate the blood and/or remove carbon dioxide. It may be the result of a lack of airflow, and therefore the circulation of air through the lungs, or malfunctions in the pulmonary tissues resulting in a reduction of gaseous exchange between air and blood.
The most frequent causes of chronic respiratory failure are:
Neuromuscular diseases, such as Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy or Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome, which is becoming increasingly prevalent as a result of the obesity epidemic1
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), which is also increasing as a result of smoking, pollution and population aging2
Consequences of chronic respiratory failure
唔…啊 手指 出去Chronic respiratory failure impairs daily life as a result of:
Shortness of breath
Accelerated heart rate
Blue-tinged lips or fingertips (cyanosis) in the most severe cases
Sweating or headaches as a result of elevated levels of carbon dioxide in the blood
Impaired quality of life and loss of independence
CRF is sometimes complicated by severe aggravation of respiratory symptoms唔…啊 手指 出去, resulting in impaired quality of life and loss of independence. Such episodes are serious and can be life threatening.
Long-term treatment relies on home respiratory assistance
In addition to specific treatment for the underlying disease, CRF can benefit from long-term home respiratory assistance. Two services may be provided for this purpose1-3:
Mechanical ventilation1 to remove excess carbon dioxide using a simple mask
Oxygen therapy3 to remediate the lack of oxygen in the blood, usually via a nasal cannula connected to the oxygen source
唔…啊 手指 出去CRF is often associated with anxiety or depression, both of which must be taken into consideration by the physician and care teams.
Air?Liquide Healthcare introduced home healthcare in Europe more than 30?years ago by providing support for chronic respiratory failure patients returning home from hospital.
More motivated than ever by the goal of improving patient quality of life and independence, Air?Liquide Healthcare provides patients with the full range of medical respiratory assistance equipment in their own homes as part of its contribution to ensuring continuity of treatment in complete safety.
Improving patient quality of life and independence
Assisting patients with chronic respiratory failure
CRF patients are encouraged to play an active role in the treatment of their illness through:
Continuity of support from hospital to home
Availability of all medical techniques and equipment suitable for home use in accordance with medical prescription
Education and home follow-up programs to improve continuity of treatment
Once available only in hospitals, respiratory assistance can now be provided effectively and safely in the home.
Cuvelier A and Muir JF. Indications of non-invasive ventilation for chronic respiratory failure in adults. Swiss Medical Review 2003;570. Available at: , accessed 11/18/2014, viewed 11/18/2014.
Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. Global Strategy for the diagnosis management and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Updated 2017; available at:
National Heart, lung, and Blood Institute (NIH). What is respiratory Failure. US Department of Health & Human Services. Available at: , viewed 11/16/2014.